Federal Agencies Lag in Security Preparedness
When it comes to ensuring compliance with information security rules or best
practices, a substantial minority of federal agencies still aren't making the
That's the conclusion of the "Seventh
Report Card on Computer Security at Federal Departments and Agencies,"
the latest edition of an annual report prepared by the House Oversight and Government
The 2007 agency "report card" gives nine out of 24 federal agencies
-- including, crucially, the Department of Defense, the Department of the Treasury,
the Department of the Interior, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission -- failing
grades for their abilities to secure data.
Federal agencies as a whole received a "C" (up from a "C-"
Rep. Tom Davis (R-Va.) takes a glum view of the report's findings. "We
need to do more to bring consistency to the [information governance] community
regarding standards and review," Davis said in a prepared release. "We
need to seriously consider incentives for agency success and funding penalties
and personnel reforms for agencies that don't measure up. We need a bill with
teeth, and we need agencies to understand the goal is to keep information safe,
not to check a statutory box."
The report assesses federal agencies on the basis of annual information security
testing; security plans of action, milestones or corrective-action measures;
whether their systems are certified and accredited as "secure"; security
configuration management; their ability to detect and quickly react to security
breaches; the existence and effectiveness of their security training programs;
and the overall accuracy of their inventories.
Only two departments -- the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
and the National Science Foundation (NSF) -- received "A+" grades
in both 2006 and 2007. Both the Department of Justice and the Environmental
Protection Agency slipped from "A+" grades in 2006 to a more sobering
"A-." The Social Security Administration received "A" grades
in both 2006 and 2007, while three departments -- Housing and Urban Development,
the Office of Personnel Management and the General Services Administration --
improved their 2006 showings to achieve "A" or better grades in 2007.
In addition to traditional metrics, the newest agency report card takes several
additional factors into account, including each agency's financial statements
for fiscal year 2007. It's for this reason that USAID, the NSF and the Social
Security Administration (SSA) were all commended for what the report's authors
call their "sterling" financials. Similarly, both HUD and the DOJ
received low-confidence "A"s because of their "weaker" financial
Interestingly, a number of agencies (including the Department of Energy, the
Department of Homeland Security, NASA and the Department of Education) slipped
drastically, notching "D" or lower grades.
Stephen Swoyer is a Nashville, TN-based freelance journalist who writes about technology.