Sweden Plan Would Monitor Communications
Sweden's government presented plan to allow defense intelligence agency to monitor e-mail traffic and phone calls crossing the nation's borders.
(Stockholm, Sweden) Sweden's government presented a contentious plan
Thursday to allow a defense intelligence agency to monitor -- without
a court order -- e-mail traffic and phone calls crossing the nation's
The government insists only a fraction of the electronic communications
will be affected, but critics worry the program, designed to combat terrorism
and other threats to national security, is too far-reaching.
Their concerns resemble criticism of a U.S. surveillance program launched
in 2001 that monitors international phone calls and e-mails to or from
the United States involving people suspected by the government of having
The American Civil Liberties Union sued the National Security Agency
last year on behalf of journalists, scholars and lawyers who say the project
has made it difficult for them to do their jobs because they believe many
of their overseas contacts are likely targets of the surveillance.
The Swedish proposal, which needs parliamentary approval, would give
the National Defence Radio Establishment a green-light to use so-called
data mining software to search for sensitive keywords in all phone and
e-mail communication passing through cables or wires across the country's
Today, such traffic can only be monitored with court approval if police
suspect a crime, although the agency is already free to spy on airborne
signals, such as radio and satellite traffic.
European governments have gradually been expanding their surveillance
powers, wiretapping rules and police search powers as part of efforts
to unravel terror plots.
But the Swedish proposal is among the most far-reaching when it comes
to intercepting e-mail traffic.
The Dutch secret service can monitor e-mail in specific cases, but does
not have a mandate to conduct blanket monitoring of international traffic.
In Britain, e-mails can only be intercepted with a warrant signed by
a secretary of state, and the intercepted communications cannot be used
Sweden's center-right government says it's only interested in international
traffic, and that e-mails and phone calls between Swedes will be filtered
"This is about mapping situations so that we in Sweden will be able
to fulfill what is one of the most central tasks for a government: protecting
the country and its own citizens," Defense Minister Mikael Odenberg
However, critics say it is impossible to make such guarantees, as e-mails
sent between two colleagues in the same office are often routed via a
server abroad and could end up in the military's hands.
"They're going from fishing with a hook to fishing with a net,"
said Par Strom, a spokesman for The New Welfare Foundation, a civil liberties
think tank. "We are crossing a very fundamental border."
Even Sweden's security police, SAPO, has criticized the proposal, saying
it violates personal integrity.
Opposition politicians from the Green and Left parties say they will
fight the bill when it comes to a vote in Parliament later this year.
The main opposition Social Democrats said they had not yet decided how
"We're going to evaluate whether there are enough guarantees to
safeguard people's integrity," said Thomas Bodstrom, justice minister
in the previous Social Democratic government. "The other issue is,
do we want to change society so that the military gets a completely new
role when it comes to fighting crime?"