Minding the E-Mail
Legal issues aside, here's one way to audit Exchange 5.5 user mailbox usage on the down-low.
- By Bill Boswell
I need to give security auditors Read-Only
rights to view a user's mailbox without the user knowing about it. With
Exchange 5.5, I know I can do it but my colleagues and I haven't figured
it out; we keep getting the "Could Not Open Outlook Folders"
message. We've combed Microsoft's standard and premier Web sites but have
come up with nothing.
FYI, we modified the user's mailbox and security attributes in many ways,
but no luck. What are we missing?
Marc: Before getting into the mechanics of mailbox access,
I want to make sure that you and your colleagues have discussed the legal
ramifications of granting a user access to another user's mailbox. You
must be certain that your organization has written policies in place specifically
allowing you to do this. You may also want to consult your legal staff,
especially if you're an organization that provides medical or financial
Help from Bill
Got a Windows or Exchange question or need troubleshooting
help? Or maybe you want a better explanation than provided
in the manuals? Describe your dilemma in an e-mail
to Bill at mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org;
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When you send your questions, please include your
full first and last name, location, certifications (if
any) with your message. (If you prefer to remain anonymous,
specify this in your message but submit the requested
information for verification purposes.)
With that out of the way, there's two ways to accomplish the goal depending
on how much you want the "Read-Only" aspect for the permission.
If you don't mind giving full control access, then you can configure mailbox
permissions from Active Directory Users and Computers as follows:
- Open the Properties window for the user account.
- Select the Exchange Advanced tab.
- Click the Mailbox Rights button. This opens the Permissions window
for the user's mailbox.
- Click Add and select the name of the auditor to whom you want to
- Give this user Full Mailbox Access.
- Verify the auditor can open the user's mailbox in Outlook via File
| Open | Other User's Folder.
This procedure also works if you or an IT colleague need to access a
user's mailbox. Mailbox access is specifically denied for members of the
Domain Admins group, Enterprise Admin group, the domain Administrator
account, and any account that has been delegated Exchange Administrator
or Exchange Full Administrator permissions. These permissions are set
at the Organization level and inherit down to the mailbox stores. You
can override the inherited Deny permission by placing a specific Allow
permission at the mailbox itself in Active Directory Users and Computers.
A directly applied Allow takes precedence over an inherited Deny.
Now, if you really want to keep the access as Read-Only, then you'll
need to apply a change directly to the MAPI permissions for the user's
Inbox. Here's a snippet of code that I blatantly stole from Microsoft
Knowledge Base article 295558,
"HOWTO: Add A Delegate To An Exchange Folder with the ACL Component
and CDO (1.21)," with changes to make it work with VBScript rather
than Visual Basic:
CONST CdoDefaultFolderCalendar = 0
CONST CdoDefaultFolderInbox = 1
CONST CdoDefaultFolderOutbox = 2
CONST CdoDefaultFolderSentItems = 3
CONST CdoDefaultFolderDeletedItems = 4
CONST CdoDefaultFolderContacts = 5
CONST CdoDefaultFolderJournal = 6
CONST CdoDefaultFolderNotes = 7
CONST CdoDefaultFolderTasks = 8
CONST CdoDefaultFolderTotal = 9
CONST ROLE_OWNER = &h5e3
CONST ROLE_PUBLISH_EDITOR = &h4e3
CONST ROLE_EDITOR = &h463
CONST ROLE_PUBLISH_AUTHOR = &h49b
CONST ROLE_AUTHOR = &h41b
CONST ROLE_NONEDITING_AUTHOR = &h413
CONST ROLE_REVIEWER = &h401
CONST ROLE_CONTRIBUTOR = &h402
CONST ROLE_NONE = &h400
' Change this to the display name of the user you want
' to give delegate access.
Const UserA = "Auditor"
'Change this to the display name of the user whose
' calendar you want to give UserA delegate access to.
Const UserB = "User"
'Change server_name to the name of your Exchange server.
strProfile = "server_name" & vbLf & UserB
' Create a new MAPI session and log on.
Set oSession = CreateObject("MAPI.Session")
oSession.Logon , , False, True, , True, strProfile
' Create a MAPI object for UserA
Set oAddrBook = oSession.AddressLists("Global Address List")
Set oDelegate = oAddrBook.AddressEntries.Item(UserA)
' Get the permission list on UserB's inbox
WScript.Echo "Adding " & UserA &
" to the Inbox permissions for " &
UserB & " with Reviewer settings."
Set oInbox = oSession.GetDefaultFolder(CdoDefaultFolderInbox)
Set oACLObject = CreateObject("MSExchange.ACLObject")
oACLObject.CDOItem = oInbox
Set oACEs = oACLObject.ACEs
' Add UserA to the permission list and save the
Set oNewACE = CreateObject("MSExchange.ACE")
oNewACE.ID = oDelegate.ID
oNewACE.Rights = ROLE_REVIEWER
' Indicate the process is finished.
WScript.Echo "Completed adding " & UserA &
" to Inbox permissions for " & UserB &
You can write another little script to remove the entry once the auditor
Hope this helps, Marc.
Now, some sage advice from SBS users:
File Under "Boswell, Cure Your Tunnel Vision"
After last week's article describing how to upgrade a 10-user
system to Windows Server 2003 and Exchange 2003, several readers immediately
took me to the woodshed for neglecting to recommend Small Business Server
2003 as an option. From Craig:
I am really surprised that you did not discuss Small Business Server
as a solution for a 10-person shop. Microsoft's SBS would provide the
support with a more reasonable costs basis than buying Windows 2003
Server and Exchange 2003 Server with 10 clients.
Craig's absolutely right (and so were the others). Small Business Server
2003 is a fantastic bargain. The Standard Edition includes Windows Server
2003, Exchange Server 2003 and Windows SharePoint Services (WSS). The
street price with five Client Access Licenses goes for less than $525.
The Premium Edition includes SQL Server and ISA Firewall and goes for
less than $1,400 for five CALs. Added bonus: The user limit has been raised
to 75 in SBS 2003 (SBS 2000 was limited to 50). More info: http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/sbs/default.mspx
Speaking of Windows SharePoint Services Dept. ...
Last week, a security vulnerability surfaced concerning the use of Exchange
2003 Outlook Web Access (OWA) along with SharePoint. This vulnerability
is documented at www.microsoft.com/exchange/support/e2k3owa.asp.
Here's the introductory blurb from that article:
Microsoft has received reports of an issue affecting Exchange Server
2003 and Microsoft Office Outlook Web Access. The problem occurs when
a user installs Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services 2.0 on a computer
running both Exchange Server 2003 and Microsoft Windows Server 2003.
The deployment causes Kerberos authentication to be disabled in Internet
Information Services (IIS) and can result in incorrect handling of OWA
requests to an Exchange Server.
The article goes on to describe the configuration steps that resolve
this issue. If you use WSS or Small Business Server 2003, be sure to read
and implement this fix.
Contributing Editor Bill Boswell, MCSE, is the principal of Bill Boswell Consulting, Inc. He's the author of Inside Windows Server 2003 and Learning Exchange Server 2003 both from Addison Wesley. Bill is also Redmond magazine's "Windows Insider" columnist and a speaker at MCP Magazine's TechMentor Conferences.