Windows Tip Sheet
Virtual Computing Rules
It's hip, it's cool, it's virtual computing. Well, it's cool for geeks, anyways.
You know how sometimes you get so used to working with something that
you forget how cool it is, and then you're surprised when you meet other
people and they haven't heard about it? I bet you have two or three cool
tools that you think everybody
must know about. My cool tool is
Microsoft Virtual PC or, if you prefer, VMWare Workstation.
The whole concept of virtual computing is cool. Virtual PC (and VMWare,
for that matter — for the purposes of this discussion, they're identical)
runs on your computer and runs other operating systems in a window. Basically,
Virtual PC emulates an Intel computer, which you can configure with up
to three hard drives, four network adapters, as much memory you want,
and so forth. You then install Windows (or Linux, or whatever) on it,
just like you would on any other Intel-based computer. So your computer
effectively has two operating systems running: The "host" operating
system, which in my case is Windows XP Pro, and the "guest"
operating system, which in the figure below is Windows 2003 Standard.
|With my version of Microsoft Virtual PC, the
host runs Windows XP Pro and the guest operating system is Windows
2003 Standard. VMWare also allows Apple Macintosh, Novell, and Unix
or Linux to run on the same box in virtual PCs. (Click
image to view larger version.)
But the fun doesn't end there. Provided you have enough RAM on you host
machine, you can run multiple guest operating systems at once. The RAM
is really key: Suppose you have two guest systems running and that you've
allocated 256MB to each. Your physical computer, then, must have 512MB
of physical RAM installed, plus extra physical RAM to run your host OS,
so about 712MB total, at a minimum.
Perfect For Labs and Pilots
Why is Virtual PC (or VMWare) so cool? Labs and pilots. Imagine being
able to pilot an AD migration over and over and over again, running both
your NT PDC and your new AD DC on the same physical computer, all safely
within a virtual machine window. And I'm serious about the "over
and over and over" part, thanks to another cool feature that Virtual
PC and VMWare offer: Undo drives.
See, each hard drive hooked up to a virtual computer is really just a
file on your host machine (a .VHD file in the case of Virtual PC). When
you start a virtual machine, you can have Virtual PC treat that file as
read-only; any changes made to the hard drive are written to a separate
VHD file called the "undo" drive. In effect, the virtual machine's
current hard drive state is the combination of the two VHD drives. When
you shut down the virtual machine, you have the option to commit changes,
which merges the temporary "undo" drive into the main VHD. Or
— and this is the cool part — you can simply discard the "undo"
drive, leaving your virtual machine back where you started. This feature
allows you to "go back in time" and discard whatever you did
to the virtual machine — perfect for a test lab or pilot project!
So what's your cool tool? Something you take for granted and assume everyone
has heard of — but maybe they haven't? E-mail me at email@example.com
and let me know!
While an update is coming soon, Internet Explorer
6.0 is really starting to show its age. Just about
every other browser in the world supports tabbed browsing
(which you'll hate not having once you try it), built-in
popup blocking, and more. Try a new browser for a twist:
Netscape Navigator, Opera, Mozilla, or whatever. Download.com
is a great place to read up on them.
Want to secure your e-mail on the cheap? Get
a personal digital certificate from Thawte (www.thawte.com),
which offers free personal certificates for certain
uses and under certain conditions. Check out http://www.thawte.com/email/index.html
for details. Remember that a certificate allows you
to send signed messages and receive encrypted messages;
to send an encrypted message, your recipients have to
get a certificate and send you a copy of the public
key (which they can do by sending you a signed message).
Microsoft Virtual PC Web site: www.microsoft.com/virtualpc
VMWare Web site: www.vmware.com.
With more than fifteen years of IT experience, Don Jones is one of the world’s leading experts on the Microsoft business technology platform. He’s the author of more than 35 books, including Windows PowerShell: TFM, Windows Administrator’s Scripting Toolkit, VBScript WMI and ADSI Unleashed, PHP-Nuke Garage, Special Edition Using Commerce Server 2002, Definitive Guide to SQL Server Performance Optimization, and many more. Don is a top-rated and in-demand speaker and serves on the advisory board for TechMentor. He is an accomplished IT journalist with features and monthly columns in Microsoft TechNet Magazine, Redmond Magazine, and on Web sites such as TechTarget and MCPMag.com. Don is also a multiple-year recipient of Microsoft’s prestigious Most Valuable Professional (MVP) Award, and is the Editor-in-Chief for Realtime Publishers.